Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting interviewing and information as being a genre. In the 1st situation, interview, that is, communication with individuals, is certainly one of three straight ways to acquire information with a researcher. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, if the researcher himself can be an eyewitness for the occasion,
- using the services of documents, where in fact the document means any material provider texts that are containing images.
Kinds of interviews and their function
Interviews as an approach of data gathering in turn are divided in to:
- genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to determine the traits of a person, then to mirror them within the text).
The reportage meeting was discussed within the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative will be told within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is meeting as a genre, as being a method of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer and also the responses associated with interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the amount of concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are no at all), during the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.
The truth that the interview is a conversation, indicates concerning the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Into the usual interview, the interviewer responses take 70-90% regarding the text. A conversation can be conducted with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist ended up being additionally interesting to visitors, since the opinion of this interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.
Forms of interviews with regards to the subject. Topic interview
According to the topic, you can find three forms of interviews:
Subject of the interview that is subject the state of things in virtually any industry of task. Usually this really is a job interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he’s related to this state of affairs. As an example, a police informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor explains simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The economic consultant makes a forecast how long the crisis is likely to be on the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling of this subject interview consists of three parts. First, they customwritings reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the topic. Then there was a parsing regarding the subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to visitors.
The hero for the interview that is subject be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This will be information interview, one of the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the important points and details of exactly what took place. Such as the outcome of a professional, the interlocutor’s interaction because of the topic is very first shown, then your subject is deepened, and also the ending is specialized in basic impressions of exactly what occurred plus the conclusions that the interlocutor made.